Hi all! In this tutorial I'll detailed show you how to install Linux Mint 7 Gloria OS as a secondary OS or overwriting other OS.
!!!Before installing another Operating System, consult with the one who is responsible for installing your system, or a smart-IT man(don't make yourself smart)!!!
• First: Go to http://www.linuxmint.com/download.php and at Main Edition Choose how do you want to download it (via Direct HTTP download or a .torrent file).
After you have downloaded it, you can see that it is an .ISO image. Burn it with an image writer software like Nero on a Blank CD.
Now, let's talk a bit. The CD that will result, it's a Live Bootable one, so when you'll reboot (restart) your system, you'll enter the interface of the system, but only to test it (it rules from the CD because it's not installed, so it will run slow). Be sure that your computer will first boot from CD. To verify and change, look at this page: http://pcsupport.abo...t/bootcddvd.htm .
Now, we talked enough. After you've successfully burned your Bootable CD, put it on your CD-Rom drive, and a menu will appear. Click the first button, then be sure that your computer will be booted when you press next (or finish:D). After you reboot your PC, you'll have to wait a little bit, a screen should appear:
Experience it, test it, and if you want to install it (think 10 times before), double-click the "install" option, then you can pass to the next step.
! Click forward in the setup every time, when you want to pass to the next setup page!
You'll be directed to a setup page, where you’ll choose your language (I prefer English, you choose what you want).
Now, choose your continent and City on the next page, the drop-down buttons will help you.
• Choose your preferred Keyboard layout; on the next (test your keyboard in the white write-able box).
Now, will come the most difficult part (and most damage-dealer).
• The installer will now ask you where to install Linux Mint (in which partition).
Be very careful:
1)If you want to allocate the full hard drive to Linux Mint, simply select the “Use the entire disk” option. Linux Mint will erase all data currently present on the hard drive you selected and install itself to it. Choose to install Linux Mint while leaving your current partitions as they are. In this case, it will use the largest continuous free space to create a new partition. If you are already running Windows on your computer and you want to dual boot Windows with Linux Mint, the easiest solution is to allow the installer to resize your existing partitions. It provides an interface that lets you to define the space you want to allocate to Linux Mint (3GB is a minimum, 10GB is recommended, if you can give it more, then this is even better) and it will resize your Windows partition in accordance.
This operation is safe and your data won't be lost. However, it's always a good idea to make a backup prior to making any changes to your partitions.
2) The last option is to “specify partitions manually”. This lets you create, remove, and organize the partitions on your hard drive. It gives you full control but is also quite complex, so we need to discuss some of the details in case you decide to use this option.
If you choose the first option pass two bullets ahead.
So, it’s now time to “manually partition” your hard drive. This is probably the only complex step in the installation process.
Let’s go through a few things before we continue with this.
Your computer stores its files and data on a hard drive. It is possible to divide a hard drive into “partitions” so that each partition can be used to store different kind of data.
For instance if you intend to run both Linux and Windows, you need at the very l east a partition for each operating system.
In Windows, partitions are assigned a letter (for instance C: or D . In Linux hard drives are assigned a “device” file and partition a number.
In Linux your first hard drive is called “/dev/sda”; your second hard drive is called “/dev/ sdb” and so on. Partitions within these hard drives are identified by their number, so for Instance “/dev/sda1” is the first partition of the first hard drive.
Note : Dev comes from device (the Hard Disk device);
Sda (system device "a") means that it is your first partition ("a")
Other partitions are numbered in alphabetical order (sdb,sdc.sdd,etc.).
• Choose “specify partitions manually” and press the “Forward” button.
You should now see a table showing the partitions of your hard drives.
In order to install Linux Mint you need to create 2 new partitions, one of type SWAP, and one of type EXT3.
If the existing partitions on your hard drive take all the space and you can’t create any new partitions, you can “Edit” a partition and/or change its size.
Note : You must first make an ext3 journaling file system partition. If you have at least 10 Gb + the double of you RAM, then make a new partition. If not, than delete a non-wanted partition, if you want. If not, don't install Linux. After making this partition (check the next bullet for more informations), make a new Swap type partition, and allocate the double of you ram Memory to it (ex: 1 GB RAM, then partition space allocate: 2GB). After this, you made your partitions, you can check the next bullet for more infos, and then you are close to the finish.
Note: The Swap partition is used by Linux to swap data on the hard drive when your RAM isn’t enough to keep all running applications in memory. The size of your Swap partition should be twice the size of your RAM.
When you create the main partition for Linux Mint (ext3 j. f. s.) make sure to give it 10GB or more (it should fit in 3GB but you’ll probably want to add software to it and it’ll rapidly grow more than 5GB). Also make sure to assign “/” for its mount point and to select “ext3 journaling file system” for its file system (also note that “/” is different than “\”).
Once all partitions are in place you can select mount points for each of them. Mount points represent the place in the file system (what you see when you use a file browser) where these partitions will be visible within Linux Mint. Your default Linux Mint Partition should use “/”, other partitions usually use “/media/” followed by their name.
Make sure to select “Format” for the Linux Mint partition but not for the partition that contains your other operating system.
• `When ready, close your eyes say a prayer and click on “Forward”. If this step scared you a little, that's fine. It should bring your adrenaline up a level and make you enjoy the experience even more. Don’t worry, this was the only really complex step in this installation and you should find everything else to be really easy.
Note: If you see warning messages telling you about cluster sizes, simply ignore them. Enter your real name and a username and password. Every time you’ll use Linux Mint you’ll use your account and this username and password. Once Linux Mint is installed you’ll be able to define other accounts if other people are to use this computer. Also give your computer a name. This name will be used by your computer on the network or in various places of the system. If you’ve never really thought about naming your computer now is the time. People commonly pick flower (dahlia, rose, and tulip) or planet (mars, Jupiter, Pluto) names for the computers on their network. It’s entirely up to you what you want to use, but make sure to pick names you like and that you will easily remember.
If you're the only one using the computer and you want to bypass the login screen, check the option “Log in automatically”.
Note: Make sure not to use capital letters in the username or in the name of the computer. When you’re ready click on the “Forward” button.
The installer might detect other operating systems on your computer and ask you if you want to migrate some personal information. Typically this allows you to migrate bookmarks, contacts, favorites and other sorts of personal information from Windows, another Linux installation or operating system into the newly installed Linux Mint. When you’re ready click on the “Forward” button.
You should now see a summary of all your choices. You could be a little scared about clicking “Install” but you’ve already made the only (possibly) destructive changes to your system while partitioning, so there is no reason to avoid installation now.
There's also an “Advanced” button which lets you do things that are so advanced that if you knew about them you'd probably wouldn't be reading this guide
When you’re ready click on the “Install Button”.
The installation should take between 10 and 15 minutes.
Note: The installer will download the packages from the Internet to support the language you’ve selected.
Your computer needs to be connected to the Internet for this to work. Otherwise just “skip” that step and you’ll be able to add support for your language after the installation is finished and you’ve rebooted into your new system.
• Once the installation is done click the “Restart Now” button and the liveCD environment will shut down.
When prompted, remove the CD from the drive and press Enter.
Your PC is now ready.
• The Boot sequence:
Upon reboot you should see this screen. This is the “boot menu” also commonly called “Grub”. If you have Microsoft Windows or other operating systems installed on your computer, Linux Mint should have detected them during the install and they should appear in here.
Linux Mint is now loading. This screen is commonly called “Usplash”.
Once Linux Mint is finished loading you should see a new screen inviting you to enter your username and password. This screen is the “Gnome Login Manager” and is commonly called “GDM”. Enter the username and password you chose during the installation.
Note: By default, your “root” password is the same as the password you chose during the installation. If you do not know what this means, then don't worry about it.
From now, you got a Linux Mint 7 Gloria OS as you wanted. Hope you didn't make a mistake and broken your computer.
Sincerely I prefer Windows OS’s interface, but I also like Linux’s speed. If you like computers, but most certainly you need a (new) operation system, than you can optate for this.
I'm not the responsible man if you break your system!
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