1 Replies - 6043 Views - Last Post: 23 May 2012 - 05:14 AM Rate Topic: -----

#1 ibnmvungi  Icon User is offline

  • New D.I.C Head

Reputation: -1
  • View blog
  • Posts: 43
  • Joined: 20-April 12

i have this error "undefined index:cart" on running the pro

Posted 23 May 2012 - 04:43 AM

on lunching the program the browser says "undefined index:cart". and also when i clck 1 items in your shopping cart. i have attache the codes. i have attached the bowser's output-errors file.please help me.

this is index.php
<?php
// Include MySQL class
require_once('inc/mysql.class.php');
// Include database connection
require_once('inc/global.inc.php');
// Include functions
require_once('inc/functions.inc.php');
// Start the session
session_start();
?><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">
	
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en" lang="en">
<head>
	<title>PHP Shopping Cart Demo · Bookshop</title>
	<link rel="stylesheet" href="css/styles.css" />
</head>

<body>

<div id="shoppingcart">

<h1>Your Shopping Cart</h1>

<?php
echo writeShoppingCart();
?>

</div>

<div id="booklist">

<h1>Books In Our Store</h1>

<?php
$sql = 'SELECT * FROM books ORDER BY id';
$result = $db->query($sql);
$output[] = '<ul>';
while ($row = $result->fetch()) {
	$output[] = '<li>"'.$row['title'].'" by '.$row['author'].': &pound;'.$row['price'].'<br /><a href="cart.php?action=add&id='.$row['id'].'">Add to cart</a></li>';
}
$output[] = '</ul>';
echo join('',$output);
?>

</div>

</body>
</html>


and this is cart.php
<?php
// Include MySQL class
require_once('inc/mysql.class.php');
// Include database connection
require_once('inc/global.inc.php');
// Include functions
require_once('inc/functions.inc.php');
// Start the session
session_start();
// Process actions
 $cart = $_SESSION['cart'];
$action = $_GET['action'];
switch ($action) {
	case 'add':
		if ($cart) {
			$cart .= ','.$_GET['id'];
		} else {
			$cart = $_GET['id'];
		}
		break;
	case 'delete':
		if ($cart) {
			$items = explode(',',$cart);
			$newcart = '';
			foreach ($items as $item) {
				if ($_GET['id'] != $item) {
					if ($newcart != '') {
						$newcart .= ','.$item;
					} else {
						$newcart = $item;
					}
				}
			}
			$cart = $newcart;
		}
		break;
	case 'update':
	if ($cart) {
		$newcart = '';
		foreach ($_POST as $key=>$value) {
			if (stristr($key,'qty')) {
				$id = str_replace('qty','',$key);
				$items = ($newcart != '') ? explode(',',$newcart) : explode(',',$cart);
				$newcart = '';
				foreach ($items as $item) {
					if ($id != $item) {
						if ($newcart != '') {
							$newcart .= ','.$item;
						} else {
							$newcart = $item;
						}
					}
				}
				for ($i=1;$i<=$value;$i++) {
					if ($newcart != '') {
						$newcart .= ','.$id;
					} else {
						$newcart = $id;
					}
				}
			}
		}
	}
	$cart = $newcart;
	break;
}
$_SESSION['cart'] = $cart;
?><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">
	
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en" lang="en">
<head>
	<title>PHP Shopping Cart Demo · Cart</title>
	<link rel="stylesheet" href="css/styles.css" />
</head>

<body>

<div id="shoppingcart">

<h1>Your Shopping Cart</h1>

<?php
echo writeShoppingCart();
?>

</div>

<div id="contents">

<h1>Please check quantities...</h1>

<?php
echo showCart();
?>

<p><a href="index.php">Back to bookshop...</a></p>

</div>

</body>
</html>


and this is inc/function.ink.php

<?php
function writeShoppingCart() {
	$cart = $_SESSION['cart'];
	if (!$cart) {
		return '<p>You have no items in your shopping cart</p>';
	} else {
		// Parse the cart session variable
		$items = explode(',',$cart);
		$s = (count($items) > 1) ? 's':'';
		return '<p>You have <a href="cart.php">'.count($items).' item'.$s.' in your shopping cart</a></p>';
	}
}

function showCart() {
	global $db; global $total;
	$cart = $_SESSION['cart'];
	if ($cart) {
		$items = explode(',',$cart);
		$contents = array();
		foreach ($items as $item) {
			$contents[$item] = (isset($contents[$item])) ? $contents[$item] + 1 : 1;
		}
		$output[] = '<form action="cart.php?action=update" method="post" id="cart">';
		$output[] = '<table>';
		foreach ($contents as $id=>$qty) {
			$sql = 'SELECT * FROM books WHERE id = '.$id;
			$result = $db->query($sql);
			$row = $result->fetch();
			extract($row);
			$output[] = '<tr>';
			$output[] = '<td><a href="cart.php?action=delete&id='.$id.'" class="r">Remove</a></td>';
			$output[] = '<td>'.$title.' by '.$author.'</td>';
			$output[] = '<td>&pound;'.$price.'</td>';
			$output[] = '<td><input type="text" name="qty'.$id.'" value="'.$qty.'" size="3" maxlength="3" /></td>';
			$output[] = '<td>&pound;'.($price * $qty).'</td>';
			$total += $price * $qty;
			$output[] = '</tr>';
		}
		$output[] = '</table>';
		$output[] = '<p>Grand total: <strong>&pound;'.$total.'</strong></p>';
		$output[] = '<div><button type="submit">Update cart</button></div>';
		$output[] = '</form>';
	} else {
		$output[] = '<p>You shopping cart is empty.</p>';
	}
	return join('',$output);
}
?>

and this is mysql.class.php
<?php
/**
* MySQL Database Connection Class
* @access public
* @package SPLIB
*/
class MySQL {
    /**
    * MySQL server hostname
    * @access private
    * @var string
    */
    var $host;

    /**
    * MySQL username
    * @access private
    * @var string
    */
    var $dbUser;

    /**
    * MySQL user's password
    * @access private
    * @var string
    */
    var $dbPass;

    /**
    * Name of database to use
    * @access private
    * @var string
    */
    var $dbName;

    /**
    * MySQL Resource link identifier stored here
    * @access private
    * @var string
    */
    var $dbConn;

    /**
    * Stores error messages for connection errors
    * @access private
    * @var string
    */
    var $connectError;

    /**
    * MySQL constructor
    * @param string host (MySQL server hostname)
    * @param string dbUser (MySQL User Name)
    * @param string dbPass (MySQL User Password)
    * @param string dbName (Database to select)
    * @access public
    */
    function MySQL ($host,$dbUser,$dbPass,$dbName) {
        $this->host=$host;
        $this->dbUser=$dbUser;
        $this->dbPass=$dbPass;
        $this->dbName=$dbName;
        $this->connectToDb();
    }

    /**
    * Establishes connection to MySQL and selects a database
    * @return void
    * @access private
    */
    function connectToDb () {
        // Make connection to MySQL server
        if (!$this->dbConn = @mysql_connect($this->host,
                                      $this->dbUser,
                                      $this->dbPass)) {
            trigger_error('Could not connect to server');
            $this->connectError=true;
        // Select database
        } else if ( !@mysql_select_db($this->dbName,$this->dbConn) ) {
            trigger_error('Could not select database');
            $this->connectError=true;
        }
    }

    /**
    * Checks for MySQL errors
    * @return boolean
    * @access public
    */
    function isError () {
        if ( $this->connectError )
            return true;
        $error=mysql_error ($this->dbConn);
        if ( empty ($error) )
            return false;
        else
            return true;
    }

    /**
    * Returns an instance of MySQLResult to fetch rows with
    * @param $sql string the database query to run
    * @return MySQLResult
    * @access public
    */
    function query($sql) {
        if (!$queryResource=mysql_query($sql,$this->dbConn))
            trigger_error ('Query failed: '.mysql_error($this->dbConn).
                           ' SQL: '.$sql);
        return new MySQLResult($this,$queryResource);
    }
}

/**
* MySQLResult Data Fetching Class
* @access public
* @package SPLIB
*/
class MySQLResult {
    /**
    * Instance of MySQL providing database connection
    * @access private
    * @var MySQL
    */
    var $mysql;

    /**
    * Query resource
    * @access private
    * @var resource
    */
    var $query;

    /**
    * MySQLResult constructor
    * @param object mysql   (instance of MySQL class)
    * @param resource query (MySQL query resource)
    * @access public
    */
    function MySQLResult(& $mysql,$query) {
        $this->mysql=& $mysql;
        $this->query=$query;
    }

    /**
    * Fetches a row from the result
    * @return array
    * @access public
    */
    function fetch () {
        if ( $row=mysql_fetch_array($this->query,MYSQL_ASSOC) ) {
            return $row;
        } else if ( $this->size() > 0 ) {
            mysql_data_seek($this->query,0);
            return false;
        } else {
            return false;
        }
    }

    /**
    * Returns the number of rows selected
    * @return int
    * @access public
    */
    function size () {
        return mysql_num_rows($this->query);
    }

    /**
    * Returns the ID of the last row inserted
    * @return int
    * @access public
    */
    function insertID () {
        return mysql_insert_id($this->mysql->dbConn);
    }
    
    /**
    * Checks for MySQL errors
    * @return boolean
    * @access public
    */
    function isError () {
        return $this->mysql->isError();
    }
}
?>


and this is global.inc.php

<?php
$host = 'localhost';
$user = 'root';
$pass = '';
$name ='cartshopping';
$db = &new MySQL($host,$user,$pass,$name);
?>


Is This A Good Question/Topic? 0
  • +

Replies To: i have this error "undefined index:cart" on running the pro

#2 xxxjj18  Icon User is offline

  • D.I.C Head
  • member icon

Reputation: 53
  • View blog
  • Posts: 167
  • Joined: 30-November 11

Re: i have this error "undefined index:cart" on running the pro

Posted 23 May 2012 - 05:14 AM

It looks like you never defined $_SESSION['cart']; hence the undefined index (cart) error
Was This Post Helpful? 0
  • +
  • -

Page 1 of 1