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#1 sailajaensure  Icon User is offline

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To take Print out of JTable

Posted 26 June 2008 - 03:14 AM

hi...can any one help me out in taking print out of JTable along with values using swings.i need some sample code for this..
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#2 pbl  Icon User is offline

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Re: To take Print out of JTable

Posted 26 June 2008 - 03:08 PM

Not an easy job: Googled for it and adapt it for my need of Printing a JTable


/*
 * @(#)TablePrintable.java	1.39 03/12/19
 *
 * Copyright 2004 Sun Microsystems, Inc. All rights reserved.
 * SUN PROPRIETARY/CONFIDENTIAL. Use is subject to license terms.
 */

import javax.swing.*;
import javax.swing.table.*;
import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.print.*;
import java.awt.geom.*;
import java.text.MessageFormat;

/**
 * An implementation of <code>Printable</code> for printing
 * <code>JTable</code>s.
 * <p>
 * This implementation spreads table rows naturally in sequence
 * across multiple pages, fitting as many rows as possible per page.
 * The distribution of columns, on the other hand, is controlled by a
 * printing mode parameter passed to the constructor. When
 * <code>JTable.PrintMode.NORMAL</code> is used, the implementation
 * handles columns in a similar manner to how it handles rows, spreading them
 * across multiple pages (in an order consistent with the table's
 * <code>ComponentOrientation</code>).
 * When <code>JTable.PrintMode.FIT_WIDTH</code> is given, the implementation
 * scales the output smaller if necessary, to ensure that all columns fit on
 * the page. (Note that width and height are scaled equally, ensuring that the
 * aspect ratio remains the same).
 * <p>
 * The portion of table printed on each page is headed by the
 * appropriate section of the table's <code>JTableHeader</code>.
 * <p>
 * Header and footer text can be added to the output by providing
 * <code>MessageFormat</code> instances to the constructor. The
 * printing code requests Strings from the formats by calling
 * their <code>format</code> method with a single parameter:
 * an <code>Object</code> array containing a single element of type
 * <code>Integer</code>, representing the current page number.
 * <p>
 * There are certain circumstances where this <code>Printable<code>
 * cannot fit items appropriately, resulting in clipped output.
 * These are:
 * <ul>
 *   <li>In any mode, when the header or footer text is too wide to
 *       fit completely in the printable area. The implementation
 *       prints as much of the text as possible starting from the beginning,
 *       as determined by the table's <code>ComponentOrientation</code>.
 *   <li>In any mode, when a row is too tall to fit in the
 *       printable area. The upper most portion of the row
 *       is printed and no lower border is shown.
 *   <li>In <code>JTable.PrintMode.NORMAL</code> when a column
 *       is too wide to fit in the printable area. The center of the
 *       column is printed and no left and right borders are shown.
 * </ul>
 * <p>
 * It is entirely valid for a developer to wrap this <code>Printable</code>
 * inside another in order to create complex reports and documents. They may
 * even request that different pages be rendered into different sized
 * printable areas. The implementation was designed to handle this by
 * performing most of its calculations on the fly. However, providing different
 * sizes works best when <code>JTable.PrintMode.FIT_WIDTH</code> is used, or
 * when only the printable width is changed between pages. This is because when
 * it is printing a set of rows in <code>JTable.PrintMode.NORMAL</code> and the
 * implementation determines a need to distribute columns across pages,
 * it assumes that all of those rows will fit on each subsequent page needed
 * to fit the columns.
 * <p>
 * It is the responsibility of the developer to ensure that the table is not
 * modified in any way after this <code>Printable</code> is created (invalid
 * modifications include changes in: size, renderers, or underlying data).
 * The behavior of this <code>Printable</code> is undefined if the table is
 * changed at any time after creation.
 *
 * @author  Shannon Hickey
 * @version 1.39 12/19/03
 */
class TablePrintable implements Printable {

    /** The table to print. */
    private JTable table;
    /** For quick reference to the table's header. */
    private JTableHeader header;
    /** For quick reference to the table's column model. */
    private TableColumnModel colModel;
    /** To save multiple calculations of total column width. */
    private int totalColWidth;
    /** The printing mode of this printable. */
    private JTable.PrintMode printMode;
    /** Provides the header text for the table. */
    private MessageFormat headerFormat;
    /** Provides the footer text for the table. */
    private MessageFormat footerFormat;
    /** The most recent page index asked to print. */
    private int last = -1;
    /** The next row to print. */
    private int row = 0;
    /** The next column to print. */
    private int col = 0;
    /** Used to store an area of the table to be printed. */
    private final Rectangle clip = new Rectangle(0, 0, 0, 0);
    /** Used to store an area of the table's header to be printed. */
    private final Rectangle hclip = new Rectangle(0, 0, 0, 0);
    /** Saves the creation of multiple rectangles. */
    private final Rectangle tempRect = new Rectangle(0, 0, 0, 0);

    /** Vertical space to leave between table and header/footer text. */
//    private static final int H_F_SPACE = 8;
    private static final int H_F_SPACE = 6;
    /** Font size for the header text. */
//    private static final float HEADER_FONT_SIZE = 18.0f;
    private static final float HEADER_FONT_SIZE = 12.0f;
    /** Font size for the footer text. */
//    private static final float FOOTER_FONT_SIZE = 12.0f;
    private static final float FOOTER_FONT_SIZE = 8.0f;
       /** The font to use in rendering header text. */
    private Font headerFont;
    /** The font to use in rendering footer text. */
    private Font footerFont;

    /**
     * Create a new <code>TablePrintable<code> for the given
     * <code>JTable</code>. Header and footer text can be specified using the
     * two <code>MessageFormat</code> parameters. When called upon to provide
     * a String, each format is given the current page number.
     *
     * @param  table         the table to print
     * @param  printMode     the printing mode for this printable
     * @param  headerFormat  a <code>MessageFormat</code> specifying the text to
     *                       be used in printing a header, or null for none
     * @param  footerFormat  a <code>MessageFormat</code> specifying the text to
     *                       be used in printing a footer, or null for none
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if passed an invalid print mode
     */
    public TablePrintable(JTable table,
                          JTable.PrintMode printMode,
                          String headerStr,
                          String footerStr) {

    	// Rien a imprimer 
    	if(table == null)
    		return;
        this.table = table;

        header = table.getTableHeader();
        colModel = table.getColumnModel();
        totalColWidth = colModel.getTotalColumnWidth();
        
        if (header != null) {
            // the header clip height can be set once since it's unchanging
            hclip.height = header.getHeight();
        }

        this.printMode = printMode;

        if(headerStr == null)
        	headerFormat = null;
        else
        	headerFormat = new MessageFormat(headerStr);
        footerFormat = new MessageFormat(footerStr);

        // derive the header and footer font from the table's font
        headerFont = table.getFont().deriveFont(Font.BOLD,
                                                HEADER_FONT_SIZE);
//        footerFont = table.getFont().deriveFont(Font.PLAIN,
//								                FOOTER_FONT_SIZE);
        footerFont = table.getFont().deriveFont(Font.ITALIC,
        										FOOTER_FONT_SIZE);
    }

    /**
     * Prints the specified page of the table into the given {@link Graphics}
     * context, in the specified format.
     *
     * @param   graphics    the context into which the page is drawn
     * @param   pageFormat  the size and orientation of the page being drawn
     * @param   pageIndex   the zero based index of the page to be drawn
     * @return  PAGE_EXISTS if the page is rendered successfully, or
     *          NO_SUCH_PAGE if a non-existent page index is specified
     * @throws  PrinterException if an error causes printing to be aborted
     */
    public int print(Graphics graphics, PageFormat pageFormat, int pageIndex)
                                                       throws PrinterException {

        // for easy access to these values
        final int imgWidth = (int)pageFormat.getImageableWidth();
        final int imgHeight = (int)pageFormat.getImageableHeight();

        if (imgWidth <= 0) {
            throw new PrinterException("Width of printable area is too small.");
        }

        // to pass the page number when formatting the header and footer text
        Object[] pageNumber = new Object[]{new Integer(pageIndex + 1)};

        // fetch the formatted header text, if any
        String headerText = null;
        if (headerFormat != null) {
            headerText = headerFormat.format(pageNumber);
        }

        // fetch the formatted footer text, if any
        String footerText = null;
        if (footerFormat != null) {
            footerText = footerFormat.format(pageNumber);
        }

        // to store the bounds of the header and footer text
        Rectangle2D hRect = null;
        Rectangle2D fRect = null;

        // the amount of vertical space needed for the header and footer text
        int headerTextSpace = 0;
        int footerTextSpace = 0;

        // the amount of vertical space available for printing the table
        int availableSpace = imgHeight;

        // if there's header text, find out how much space is needed for it
        // and subtract that from the available space
        if (headerText != null) {
            graphics.setFont(headerFont);
            hRect = graphics.getFontMetrics().getStringBounds(headerText,
                                                              graphics);

            headerTextSpace = (int)Math.ceil(hRect.getHeight());
            availableSpace -= headerTextSpace + H_F_SPACE;
        }

        // if there's footer text, find out how much space is needed for it
        // and subtract that from the available space
        if (footerText != null) {
            graphics.setFont(footerFont);
            fRect = graphics.getFontMetrics().getStringBounds(footerText,
                                                              graphics);

            footerTextSpace = (int)Math.ceil(fRect.getHeight());
            availableSpace -= footerTextSpace + H_F_SPACE;
        }

        if (availableSpace <= 0) {
            throw new PrinterException("Height of printable area is too small.");
        }

        // depending on the print mode, we may need a scale factor to
        // fit the table's entire width on the page
        double sf = 1.0D;
        if (printMode == JTable.PrintMode.FIT_WIDTH &&
                totalColWidth > imgWidth) {

            // if not, we would have thrown an acception previously
            assert imgWidth > 0;

            // it must be, according to the if-condition, since imgWidth > 0
            assert totalColWidth > 1;

            sf = (double)imgWidth / (double)totalColWidth;
        }

        // dictated by the previous two assertions
        assert sf > 0;

        // This is in a loop for two reasons:
        // First, it allows us to catch up in case we're called starting
        // with a non-zero pageIndex. Second, we know that we can be called
        // for the same page multiple times. The condition of this while
        // loop acts as a check, ensuring that we don't attempt to do the
        // calculations again when we are called subsequent times for the
        // same page.
        while (last < pageIndex) {
            // if we are finished all columns in all rows
            if (row >= table.getRowCount() && col == 0) {
                return NO_SUCH_PAGE;
            }

            // rather than multiplying every row and column by the scale factor
            // in findNextClip, just pass a width and height that have already
            // been divided by it
            int scaledWidth = (int)(imgWidth / sf);
            int scaledHeight = (int)((availableSpace - hclip.height) / sf);

            // calculate the area of the table to be printed for this page
            findNextClip(scaledWidth, scaledHeight);

            last++;
        }

        // translate into the co-ordinate system of the pageFormat
        Graphics2D g2d = (Graphics2D)graphics;
        g2d.translate(pageFormat.getImageableX(), pageFormat.getImageableY());
        
        // to save and store the transform
        AffineTransform oldTrans;
        
        // if there's footer text, print it at the bottom of the imageable area
        if (footerText != null) {
            oldTrans = g2d.getTransform();

            g2d.translate(0, imgHeight - footerTextSpace);

            printText(g2d, footerText, fRect, footerFont, imgWidth);

            g2d.setTransform(oldTrans);
        }

        // if there's header text, print it at the top of the imageable area
        // and then translate downwards
        if (headerText != null) {
            printText(g2d, headerText, hRect, headerFont, imgWidth);

            g2d.translate(0, headerTextSpace + H_F_SPACE);
        }

        // constrain the table output to the available space
        tempRect.x = 0;
        tempRect.y = 0;
        tempRect.width = imgWidth;
        tempRect.height = availableSpace;
        g2d.clip(tempRect);

        // if we have a scale factor, scale the graphics object to fit
        // the entire width
        if (sf != 1.0D) {
            g2d.scale(sf, sf);

        // otherwise, ensure that the current portion of the table is
        // centered horizontally
        } else {
            int diff = (imgWidth - clip.width) / 2;
            g2d.translate(diff, 0);
        }

        // store the old transform and clip for later restoration
        oldTrans = g2d.getTransform();
        Shape oldClip = g2d.getClip();

        // if there's a table header, print the current section and
        // then translate downwards
        if (header != null) {
            hclip.x = clip.x;
            hclip.width = clip.width;

            g2d.translate(-hclip.x, 0);
            g2d.clip(hclip);
            header.print(g2d);

            // restore the original transform and clip
            g2d.setTransform(oldTrans);
            g2d.setClip(oldClip);

            // translate downwards
            g2d.translate(0, hclip.height);
        }

        // print the current section of the table
        g2d.translate(-clip.x, -clip.y);
        g2d.clip(clip);
        table.print(g2d);
        
        // restore the original transform and clip
        g2d.setTransform(oldTrans);
        g2d.setClip(oldClip);
        
        // draw a box around the table
        g2d.setColor(Color.BLACK);
        g2d.drawRect(0, 0, clip.width, hclip.height + clip.height);

        return PAGE_EXISTS;
    }

    /**
     * A helper method that encapsulates common code for rendering the
     * header and footer text.
     *
     * @param  g2d       the graphics to draw into
     * @param  text      the text to draw, non null
     * @param  rect      the bounding rectangle for this text,
     *                   as calculated at the given font, non null
     * @param  font      the font to draw the text in, non null
     * @param  imgWidth  the width of the area to draw into
     */
    private void printText(Graphics2D g2d,
                           String text,
                           Rectangle2D rect,
                           Font font,
                           int imgWidth) {

            int tx;

            // if the text is small enough to fit, center it
            if (rect.getWidth() < imgWidth) {
                tx = (int)((imgWidth - rect.getWidth()) / 2);

            // otherwise, if the table is LTR, ensure the left side of
            // the text shows; the right can be clipped
            } else if (table.getComponentOrientation().isLeftToRight()) {
                tx = 0;

            // otherwise, ensure the right side of the text shows
            } else {
                tx = -(int)(Math.ceil(rect.getWidth()) - imgWidth);
            }

            int ty = (int)Math.ceil(Math.abs(rect.getY()));
            g2d.setColor(Color.BLACK);
            g2d.setFont(font);
            g2d.drawString(text, tx, ty);
    }

    /**
     * Calculate the area of the table to be printed for
     * the next page. This should only be called if there
     * are rows and columns left to print.
     *
     * To avoid an infinite loop in printing, this will
     * always put at least one cell on each page.
     *
     * @param  pw  the width of the area to print in
     * @param  ph  the height of the area to print in
     */
    private void findNextClip(int pw, int ph) {
        final boolean ltr = table.getComponentOrientation().isLeftToRight();

        // if we're ready to start a new set of rows
        if (col == 0) {
            if (ltr) {
                // adjust clip to the left of the first column
                clip.x = 0;
            } else {
                // adjust clip to the right of the first column
                clip.x = totalColWidth;
            }

            // adjust clip to the top of the next set of rows
            clip.y += clip.height;
            
            // adjust clip width and height to be zero
            clip.width = 0;
            clip.height = 0;

            // fit as many rows as possible, and at least one
            int rowCount = table.getRowCount();
            int rowHeight = table.getRowHeight(row);
            do {
                clip.height += rowHeight;

                if (++row >= rowCount) {
                    break;
                }

                rowHeight = table.getRowHeight(row);
            } while (clip.height + rowHeight <= ph);
        }

        // we can short-circuit for JTable.PrintMode.FIT_WIDTH since
        // we'll always fit all columns on the page
        if (printMode == JTable.PrintMode.FIT_WIDTH) {
            clip.x = 0;
            clip.width = totalColWidth;
            return;
        }

        if (ltr) {
            // adjust clip to the left of the next set of columns
            clip.x += clip.width;
        }

        // adjust clip width to be zero
        clip.width = 0;

        // fit as many columns as possible, and at least one
        int colCount = table.getColumnCount();
        int colWidth = colModel.getColumn(col).getWidth();
        do {
            clip.width += colWidth;
            if (!ltr) {
                clip.x -= colWidth;
            }

            if (++col >= colCount) {
                // reset col to 0 to indicate we're finished all columns
                col = 0;

                break;
            }

            colWidth = colModel.getColumn(col).getWidth();
        } while (clip.width + colWidth <= pw);

    }

}




and the class to which you pass TablePrintable

import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.print.*;
import javax.swing.*;

/** Imprime un JComponent passe en parametre */
public class Print implements Printable {
	private Component componentToBePrinted;

	Print() {
                }
 
	public static void printComponent(TablePrintable tp, int orientation) {
		// on se cree un PrinterJob et on va chercher son PageFormat
		PrinterJob printJob = PrinterJob.getPrinterJob();
		PageFormat pageFormat = printJob.defaultPage();
		
		// orientation PageFormat.PORTRAIT ou PageFormat.LANDSCAPE
		pageFormat.setOrientation(orientation);	
		printJob.setPrintable(tp, pageFormat);
		if (printJob.printDialog()) {
			try {
				printJob.print();
			} catch(PrinterException pe) {
				System.out.println("Error printing: " + pe);
			}
		}
	}
	
	public int print(Graphics g, PageFormat pageFormat, int pageIndex) throws PrinterException {
		if (pageIndex > 0)
			return(NO_SUCH_PAGE);
			
		Graphics2D g2d = (Graphics2D)g;
		g2d.translate(pageFormat.getImageableX(), pageFormat.getImageableY());
		disableDoubleBuffering(componentToBePrinted);
		componentToBePrinted.paint(g2d);
		enableDoubleBuffering(componentToBePrinted);
		return(PAGE_EXISTS);
	}
	
	private static void disableDoubleBuffering(Component c) {
		RepaintManager currentManager = RepaintManager.currentManager©;
		currentManager.setDoubleBufferingEnabled(false);
	}
	
	/** Re-enables double buffering globally. */
	private static void enableDoubleBuffering(Component c) {
		RepaintManager currentManager = RepaintManager.currentManager©;
		currentManager.setDoubleBufferingEnabled(true);
	}
	

}


This post has been edited by pbl: 03 March 2010 - 08:25 PM
Reason for edit:: Remove package statements for easier cut & paste

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#3 sailajaensure  Icon User is offline

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Re: To take Print out of JTable

Posted 26 June 2008 - 10:53 PM

iam very much thank ful to u for such a good responce from u.i hve excuted the gvn code but iam getting error while compiling "package TableLicense does not exist footerFormat=new MessageFormat(TableLicense.license.name +"-copyright 2008 -Les Services Informatiques PBL");"
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#4 pbl  Icon User is offline

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Re: To take Print out of JTable

Posted 27 June 2008 - 04:21 AM

View Postsailajaensure, on 26 Jun, 2008 - 10:53 PM, said:

iam very much thank ful to u for such a good responce from u.i hve excuted the gvn code but iam getting error while compiling "package TableLicense does not exist footerFormat=new MessageFormat(TableLicense.license.name +"-copyright 2008 -Les Services Informatiques PBL");"

I haven't say it will work right away. I have modified it for my own purpose. I guess you can start by removing the "package" statement at thebeginning of each file.
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#5 Guest_gpp*


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Re: To take Print out of JTable

Posted 05 May 2010 - 02:37 PM

Hi pbl,
thank you for the code that you have posted, I have used it for to print a jtable whitout the rectangle that paint when I do jTable.print(jtable.print mode, message format, message format).
However I have two problem:

1) don't print all the table but only the first rows

2) when I print the table, around it there is a rectangle, I thought that is this part of the code

 // draw a box around the table
        g2d.setColor(Color.black);
        g2d.drawRect(0, 0, clip.width, hclip.height + clip.height);


but it isn't because I have tried to modify with

g2d.setColor(Color.green);


and so I view a rectangle with 2 colors...

I hope that you can help me and sorry my english

BYE
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#6 Guest_gpp*


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Re: To take Print out of JTable

Posted 05 May 2010 - 03:09 PM

NO PROBLEM I HAVE RESOLVED..... :D
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#7 pbl  Icon User is offline

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Re: To take Print out of JTable

Posted 06 May 2010 - 08:12 PM

View Postgpp, on 05 May 2010 - 04:09 PM, said:

NO PROBLEM I HAVE RESOLVED..... :D

good :^:
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#8 YasuoDancez  Icon User is offline

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Re: To take Print out of JTable

Posted 07 May 2010 - 08:16 PM

Yeah that is real good.
Tables are such a complex topic.
I'm studying them now and had no idea, but I'm starting to understand them much better now.
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